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Burundi country profile


Republic of Burundi

Capital: Gitega

Official Languages: Kirundi, French, English, Swahili

10.4m population - similar to Belgium

27,816 sq km area - similar to Haiti

Christianity Major Religions

50 years life expectancy for men

50 years life expectancy for women

Currency Burundian Franc

UN, World Bank, CIA World Factbook


President: Pierre Nkurunziza

Pierre Nkurunziza, a former rebel leader, became the first president to be chosen in democratic elections since the start of Burundi's civil war in 1994.

In 2015 Burundi was plunged into its worst crisis since the end of a civil war in 2005, when Mr Nkurunziza's ultimately successful bid for re-election to a third term sparked protests by opposition supporters who said the move was unconstitutional.

President Nkurunzia has been awarded several prizes and other honorific distinctions to recognize his endeavours. The awards include Prix pour la Paix awarded to him by accord in Durban in June 2006; Oscar de Paix awarded by Assis Pax International; and Honoris Causa Ph.D awarded to him by Latin University of Theology in California.

In September 2010, the India–based Unity International Foundation honoured Nkurunziza with the Rising Star of Africa Award after Indian authorities found him to be a role model in peace consolidation and development for the whole of Africa


Media in Burundi is controlled by the governmen: Various television networks, newspapers, and radio stations operate within Burundi


Some key dates in Burundi's history

1890 - The kingdoms of Urundi and neighbouring Ruanda (Rwanda) incorporated into German East Africa.

1916 - Belgian army occupies the area, which later becomes a Belgian protectorate.

1962 - Urundi is separated from Ruanda-Urundi and becomes independent.

1993-94 - Ethnic conflict escalates into full-scale civil war,

2015 - Unrest sparked by President Nkurunziza's plans to stand for third term.